The Indian Act | Surrender Provisions
This video discusses the historic origins and the fundamental implications of two key elements of the Indian Act that relate to Indigenous lands. Known as the “Surrender Provisions” they protect Indigenous lands from alienation by requiring a formal process with both a Crown representative and the Indigenous community present. The surrender provisions also prevent the loss of Indigenous property from taxation, which is why First Nations do not pay taxes on reserve. The root of these provisions can be traced back to the Royal Proclamation of 1763.